Spring – Forces

Madeleine Last is a Wild Writing student at the University of Essex, mother, nature lover, chocolate enthusiast, curious observer of all things great and small.

In the winter months, one learns to appreciate the night sky. But spring is here – April comes with stretched days and glistening, new verdure. My eye is drawn from the depths of crisp winter night skies to the soils of spring and its delicacies.

“The dainty petals of False Forget-Me-Not” (Photo by the author)

I’m in Colchester Castle Park and I am one of many. Mothers with buggies chat on benches and children kick a ball around on the greenery below. The sky is full of its usual trickery – larimar blue with hypnotising swirls. The outline of sky wanderers visible in the near-bare branches above. Vocal in their resting places. The perpetual drill of a Great Tit – my springtime morning alarm – drowns out all other efforts of song. Trees are gradually filling with unfurling vigour. I find myself kneeling upon the dirt, fondling tiny, soft leaves just out of the ground. Spring is so elegant – my clumsy frame an insult to this place. I fumble about on my knees and elbows, trying not to destroy anything. I think for a moment of J A Baker’s The Peregrine, and my ‘aimless stumbling ways, the tombstone whiteness of my face’[i] in the vibrancy of season. I smile. 

The dainty petals of False Forget-Me-Not and miniscule bells of Grape Hyacinth spray this spot with pleasing purples. I touch a delicate stem. So thin and fragile yet in absolute defiance of gravity. It is steady en route to the sun. I think about the forces at play. Gravitropism causes roots to grow towards gravity and stem to grow against it. Something to do with cellular elongation, but it baffles me still. All of those hours spent contemplating the winter night sky – the gravitational pull of celestial bodies; orbital cycles and the very stuff of life so dependent on that continuity of equilibrium of force – thrown to the wind with this little spring flower and its brilliant brain of cellular instruction. So strong in its fragility. I find my feet; gravity is not my friend.

I move down the winding path parallel to Ryegate Road and turn right towards an empty bench. I become so aware of the weight of my step; of the everyday interactions with force, of weight and lightness. A cabbage butterfly flits by, jovial as always. A poem springs to mind: The Centrifuge: Weight and Lightness by Andrew Wynn Owen. I don’t remember it all but parts of it float about my mind.

‘Lightness is the mode of butterflies –

A mood to live in, hone, and improvise’

Weeks from now, the spread of leaf and petal will fill the empty space with glory. Light against the breeze, strong in defiance of gravity, and never weak until ready to fall. As I reach the bench, a couple sit, unaware of my presence. She laughs wide against the sky and he fondles the fabric of his jacket sleeve. Her hair is down and somewhat wild and moves rather like the butterfly at times. I pass. There is no shortage of places to sit here.

‘I side with lightness. Lightness always wins.

The eye is drawn to lightness first and last.

Weight’s interruptive brunt vibrates and spins

But lightness can deflect its strongest blast.

Lightness is the sail that pulls the mast!’[ii]           

I find my bench and look down to children playing upon the green, framed by remnants of Roman wall and complemented with two grand maple trees. It’s hard not to look at people in love; a privilege to play witness to. The forces of the human heart dumbfound me. It beats before the development of anything. It is fierce, persistent, prevalent. There are times when you think it could stop, but it doesn’t. There are times when it feels heavy, and times it feels so light.

I read somewhere that the electromagnetic field of the heart is greater in amplitude than that of the brain. It extends several meters outside of the body. I do not know if this is correct, but I think about the way in which this force connects people; how we respond unknowingly to the heartbeat of another. It’s a frightening prospect; to be so vulnerable to force. I think about the frail spring flower, its stem rising in negative gravitropism, providing place for petal to bathe against the sky and call for pollination. It has to grow through that moment of fragility, vulnerable to the gauche movement of humankind; ‘the insanity of our flailing gestures and erratic scissoring gait.’[iii] We fear – in our destructive ways – an openness of the heart, yet it is perhaps in accepting this vulnerability that we are at our strongest, for butterflies are the mode of love.

[i] J. A. Baker, The Peregrine, (William Collins eds, 2015), P.92

[ii] Andrew Wynn Owen, The Multiverse, (Carcanet Press, Manchester, 2015), P.102[iii] J. A. Baker, The Peregrine, (William Collins eds, 2015), P.92

[iii] J. A. Baker, The Peregrine, (William Collins eds, 2015), P.92

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Collaborating with Nature: David Bird and his Becorns

Most of Aparna Kapurs friends are imaginary, and she is happiest when she’s making things up. When she takes a break from writing (which is often), she can be found poring over a book or pouring herself a large cup of coffee. She is currently pursuing a masters degree in Wild Writing at the University of Essex.

If you were to look outside your window, you may spot branches against the sky, or leaves and seed pods on the ground. When David Bird looks outside, he sees characters and stories in a magical land.

Wonder has always been a part of David’s life — as a child, running with his friends through the forest; as a designer at LEGO, making action figures for six-year-olds; and now, as the creator of tiny acorn-and-stick people he has christened the Becorns.

I first met the Becorns when a friend showed me an Instagram post. In it, a squirrel ate seeds from an acorn-bowl being held up by a smiling, wide-eyed figure made of acorns and twigs. What struck me, other than the obviously charming picture, was the expression of the squirrel. At best, I expect human-made things to be met with curiosity. This squirrel, though, looked friendly. The squirrel and the Becorn (who, I discovered from the description, is called Joonie) seemed to have been photographed mid-conversation — Joonie regaling the squirrel with an anecdote as she offered her a snack. 

“Joonie knew she’d need the seeds in the winter, but she couldn’t resist sharing a basket with her buddy Whiskers. Photograph by David M. Bird; www.instagram.com/p/CTmuznUrXb4/

This is typically how the Becorns are photographed — spending time and uniquely communicating with creatures (mostly, in a fantastic case of nominative determinism, with birds). At first glance the photographs display a sort of communion between the Becorn and its environment. 

Becorns are what Bird describes as “a collaboration with nature”. Taking a photograph like this demands attention to the flora and fauna who frequent the neighbourhood, and an understanding of their habits. “I get a lot of my ideas by just watching the animals,” explains Bird. “For example, I noticed that Eastern Bluebirds like to perch on the highest spot on their birdhouse. So I posed a Becorn in that spot, and lo and behold, they landed on the character’s head.” It is in these behind-the-scenes glimpses that the real relationship at the heart of this project can be seen: the one between David Bird and his environment. 

“Becorns are a way for me to connect to the feeling of wonder that I experienced in nature when I was a child,” Bird says of his art. Growing up, Bird had an unbridled experience of nature — roaming the woods near his home in the suburbs, delighting in animals, and racing boats in the stream.

Between running around the forest as a child and looking for acorns in his backyard now, Bird spent time as a toy designer. “I studied Industrial Design at the Rhode Island School of Design. My first job out of school was as a designer for LEGO in Denmark in 2004, designing warrior action figures for their Bionicle line. I fell in love with the process of inventing characters and stories out of the abstract Bionicle robot parts.” 

That love followed him home to the US when he left LEGO five years later. “One day I was sweeping the driveway and I looked at the pile of acorns and sticks at my feet. In a flash of inspiration, I realized I could build with natural materials, and apply everything I’d learned at LEGO.”

“Teague clutched the last leaf of his tree as if he was hanging onto fall itself.” Photograph by David M. Bird; www.instagram.com/p/CWY6njgAdqo/

Binge-read his Instagram posts (yes, that’s a valid activity now), and another thing becomes apparent. The tiny fairy tales which accompany the photographs beautifully depict the spirit of nature. In the last decade or so, human understanding of nature is evolving from a ‘survival of the fittest’–competitive view to one that embodies kindness, cooperation and support. That magical spirit of nature is the one that’s present in Bird’s work. “Most of the toys I designed were intended for 6-year-old boys and featured conflict and good versus evil,” Bird explains, adding that he’s found himself “drawn to lighter, more uplifting themes found in nature such as wonder and generosity.

Below these tiny tales of enchantment, Bird always makes it a point to acknowledge the truth behind the fantastic: the components of his creation. Whether it’s a seed pod making up the body of a creature, or a Becorn’s bell pepper teeth, by mentioning them, he hopes to invite everyone to look at the world the way he does: “A lot of people think I use CGI or something, but if I say, ‘This is an acorn I found in my backyard’, it makes it more accessible.”

While he’s always paying attention to holes in the ground where animals might live, and crows that may let themselves be photographed, he has also learned to accept a certain degree of unpredictability. “I don’t have control over the outcome, and I’m always surprised,” he says. “It feels a little bit like surfing — I’m trying to react to what’s around me.” 

“The dignified Colonel Brumpton was known for his many victories in battle and his fondness for enticing birds to perch on his head.” Photograph by David M. Bird; www.instagram.com/p/B_ssg_kHmsE/

Looking at Becorns and reading their stories, it’s hard not to come away feeling hopeful, enthralled and just a little less jaded. Reflecting on how the process has changed him, Bird says, “My appreciation for nature has deepened as a result of my work with Becorns. I’ve become so much more aware of the lives being lived right in my backyard. There’s so much more nuance and complexity than I had ever previously appreciated.”

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A Little Bit of Little Baddow

Haley Down and Aparna Kapur are MA Wild Writing students who edit the blog, and remarkable circumstances led them to writing about this field trip two months late.

In late November 2021, the LT904 class (New Nature Writing) visited Little Baddow, the place where J. A. Baker spent ten years observing, and writing about observing, peregrines. He went on to publish this as The Peregrine, a seminal work in the genre of British nature writing.

After visiting the J. A. Baker archive in the University of Essex library, we followed the path Baker outlined in his maps. In addition to the module lecturer James Canton, we were guided by Baker enthusiast David Simmonds (of www.jabaker.co.uk) and local resident Margaret Martin.

Baker’s route often traversed the open landscapes east of Chelmsford; the village of Little Baddow was where Baker stepped to most regularly to see the last of the peregrines in Essex.

Before our expedition, we fuelled up with butter-pecan tarts supplied by a generous classmate, while David Simmonds read us an excerpt from The Peregrine to get us into the Baker mindset.

As we wandered, we paid attention to placing our feet where Baker must have walked, used our binoculars to look at the sky the way he must have seen it, and wondered about how the landscape had changed since the 1960s.

Currently, in the LT909 class (Psychogeography), we are studying Iain Sinclair’s book, Edge of the Orison. Sinclair retraced, then wrote about, the long walk Essex poet John Clare took after absconding from High Beach Asylum to his home in Northborough. It was interesting to discuss how Sinclair experienced his retracing, after we had done the same in Little Baddow. 

On the other side of the bridge on Hurrell’s Lane, we walked by the ford. The field trip almost felt like a treasure hunt because even though the place was new to us, it had been so familiar to Baker that he didn’t leave too many clues to help his readers identify his landmarks.

We also spotted a peregrine in the sky — not sure why Baker found them elusive.

After taking a wrong turn, we made our way towards the orchard. We walked by feathery fields and horses in coats. (Some of us were jealous and wished we had packed more layers.)

Only a handful of plum trees remained from what used to be a sizeable orchard that Baker would often visit.

We stood awhile to admire the crossbeams, the pink structure they supported, and what James identified as an Indian bean tree framing it.

While wandering through the cemetery at the end of our walk, we stopped to admire a yew tree, a favourite of one of our classmates — warning us that yew berry seeds are poisonous!

It was memorable field trip. Our visit to Little Baddow enhanced our understanding as we also retraced the steps of a rather mysterious writer we admire — J. A. Baker. We ended our field trip where we began, carrying little bits of Little Baddow with us.

All photos belong to either Aparna or Haley.

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The Sky in Essex is Not Like the Sky in Ontario

Haley Down is a current Wild Writing MA student from Ontario, Canada living in Essex. She writes environmental poetry and in her free time she can be found talking to the trees, at her sewing machine, or playing board games with her friends.

Clouds like unspun silk (Photo by the author)

The sky in Essex is not like the sky in Ontario. 
When I’m feeling homesick or, more truthfully, 
friendsick, I watch the sky and pretend 
they’re seeing the same one. 

I know it’s not true. 
While my sun rises through heavy golden mist, 
theirs rests low in clear, dewy dawn. 

While my sun sets in this strange, vast sky, 
theirs is small and distant and shines directly 
on their faces. They don’t understand me 
when I say it has more colour —
a whole spectrum from amber to violet, 
disclosing themselves to me for what feels like the first time. 
I don’t understand it either. 

Back home, 
behind the house I grew up in, is a forest 
with a dead tree we named The Bus. 

My parents took me there when I cried 
that my brother boarded the school bus 
and I was too young to go with him. 
They’d take me to the forest 
and we’d ride The Bus to “school”, 
studying maples all afternoon. 

When I was old enough 
I trailed behind my brother like a baby duck, 
waddling up the school bus steps. 
A few times, he paid me to do his homework. 
I’d carry it with me to the river, 
proudly showing my work to The Bus. 

That tree had long been hollow and lifeless 
but it had been a companion, a confidant 
as I searched for answers to the great mysteries…

rabbit droppings,
pencil-nubbed, beaver-chewed stumps.

That tree absorbed my tears when once 
a leech stuck itself to my pinky toe
and clung so hard it took flesh 
when I ripped it off in panic. 

I distinctly remember how the clouds over the forest 
flattened, grew wispy just before dusk 
began its descent. They looked like unspun silk. 
I imagined that if I could only reach high enough 
to tug on one end 
I’d wind myself in satiny white.  

The clouds in Essex are firm, 
holding the same shape all day. 
They’re persistent. 
This, too, is a comfort. 

Here, people offer me words like 
“pushchair” and 
“loo roll” and 
in return, I can only ask questions 
about these foreign shapes, 
turning them over in my mind, 
slowly tying them to more familiar phrases: 


Town names which also populate 
the landscape of my Canadian childhood, 
but these steady clouds ground me 
not in the familiarities of home 
but the particularities of this place. 

I hadn’t visited The Bus in many years. 
I’d been too busy writing papers, 
reading books, driving myself to school. 
I knew I needed to visit my old friend 
before I left Canada altogether. 

I sat on the wrinkly, rotted trunk 
and had a strange sense of my young self 
sitting beside me. I saw how she’d smiled 
with pride, holding up her brother’s homework. 
I wanted to hug her, 
thank her for the belief she’d had in us. 

Instead, I patted the tree 
I’d sat on through all my ages. 
Had had my first kiss on, 
had grieved my first heartbreak on 
and every one since then. 

My Essex sky is vast, 
thrillingly unfamiliar. 
I study it and tonight
I confess.
The sky in Essex is not like the sky in Ontario. 
It might be better. 
It will never be home. 

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Kayaking on the River Rother

Written by Samantha Pyrah, this piece was one of four highly commended submissions for the Countryfile New Nature Writer of the Year Competition 2021. It is shared with the approval of Countryfile.

Floating on a mirror of blue sky (Photo by the author)

Getting up and out the door before you have a chance to think about it is the knack. Not twenty minutes ago I was tangled in a duvet, the weight of the day already beginning to settle on me. Now I am floating on a mirror of blue sky, with fluffy white clouds far, far below. I savour the illusion for a moment, then spear my paddle into the water, pull and glide.

Suddenly, a blue ball is hurled, its aim straight and true. It glints past, a mere inch from the water’s surface, then curves sharply to land hidden among the reeds. Later, I see it perched on a willow branch – more beak than body, with the hunched shoulders of one used to waiting.

Hunkered down in a kayak, you get a swan’s eye view of river life. Needle-bodied damselflies hover like streaks of blue biro. Pond skaters dance on the water. House martins swoop for insects, close enough for me to hear the whir of their wings. Not seen but heard, a sedge warbler tries out a new set of bleeps and buzzes, worthy of any acid house DJ.

At this point on its journey, the river – my river – flows sedately through a wide, flat-bottomed valley of lush pasture, crisscrossed with ditches and canals. A parade of pylons marches along its southern bank. I have walked here countless times, but last spring, I decided to take to the water. The novelty of exploring my local area some way other than on foot provided a distraction from the fear, uncertainty and anxiety I felt as the pandemic unfolded. But it became much more. A daily ritual of sanctuary and discovery. This is where I learned to slow down, to watch and listen. To be not apart from nature, but a part of it.

The biophilia hypothesis, proposed in the early 1980s by Edward O. Wilson, suggests that humans have an innate need to connect with the natural world. We are moved, soothed and uplifted by nature’s colours, textures and soundscapes. As I immersed myself in the river’s comings and goings while the seasons unfurled, I knew this to be true. I felt a visceral need to keep coming back, to see what happened next – what would hatch or bloom, what would emerge from murky depths or arrive from distant shores?

I followed the river’s fortunes through to late autumn, when my paddle-calloused hands and bare feet got so numb one morning it took until lunchtime to thaw out. I reluctantly hung up my lifejacket for the winter. When I walked along the river after that, it felt like a stranger.

But now I’m back, dragging my kayak through long, dew-soaked grass to the river’s edge, sending clouds of craneflies into the air, their legs dangling like cotton threads. Like the British spring, I’m a little later than planned and the river is already a riot of life. The grey-green reeds and rushes that crowd the banks have made way for more colourful spectators: purple loosestrife, flag iris and meadow buttercups.

The breeze carries the heady scent of meadowsweet and the call of the cuckoo that has returned to the same bend on the river.

The water feels viscous and velvety today. It pushes back against my paddle strokes as I nose the kayak upstream, weaving between yellow water lilies that stand to attention on dinner-plate-sized pads, the wind lifting them like sails. A blue emperor dragonfly alights briefly on the bow of my orange kayak, inadvertently recreating the vibrant colour scheme of the kingfisher. His two sets of wings are like stained glass windows, his eyes like mirrored flight goggles. He is a thing of wonder.

I float silently with the current, allowing the kayak to bump softly into the bank and come to rest. It’s almost time to head home, but first I’ll sip coffee from my flask and cherish the taste of freedom.

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Ronnie’s Way

Anne Hadley reflects on the class trip to Bottengoms in Essex, on November 4, 2021, as part of LT 904: The New Nature Writing, led by Dr. James Canton.

Bottengoms grows up from the garden. (Photograph by the author)

‘Meet outside the theatre at 12’, said James.

Everyone’s there, and smiling. There’s an air of festivity.

We’re being let out.

Mandy, Aparna and I travel with Rick, one of our company’s generous drivers.

‘Army’, I say. ‘You must be good at navigation’.

‘No’, says Rick, turning on the sat nav. We overshoot our destination only slightly, and return to find Maddy and Jim on the verge, smiling and waving to indicate the parking place.

Ronnie’s drive is holed, rutted, and puddled, sunk deep by passage, cradled by hedges and trees. We walk with chatter and laughter, light-heartedly treading the path once negotiated by tired, working feet.

Bottengoms grows up from the garden, its long back roof mossed, and gutters bright with leaves. It is wrapped in quiet. Living amongst such beauty must leave a trace on its denizens; it must surely come out in their living. I think of John and Christine Nash, and Ronnie, and their long creative lives.

Ronnie would like to see us, we are told, and we tread in softly. Low beams, warmth and colour; paintings, and crammed bookshelves. Ronnie, 99, has an eager brightness, a gentle pride in a life well lived, and is keen to share his beautiful home with his visitors.

The brick floor undulates, as if the ground beneath has a gentle sea roll. I remember Ronnie’s brick music and wiggle my toes experimentally. The bricks move, clinking into their elfin music.

(Photograph by the author)

Then over the fields to the church: Ronnie’s way. I walk with dreams of autumn fire and psilocybin amongst the cow pats (lovely Aparna, with her sharp eyes and generous smile).

The church, quiet and beautiful, still has something of its ancient consequence. Ignoring the open gate, we take the old steps over the bulging churchyard wall, a stile for easy access when animals needed to be kept out, or in. Inside is the thick church air — a holy fug of decaying flowers, polish and prayer. I subside into a pew, the usual prickle of indignation at church control and club conditions, arguing with its sure peace, sure way and no worries (go on, you know you want to…).

I tut impatiently at myself and join the others around a pillar, where James is showing medieval graffiti by the light of an iPhone. Daisy wheels — circles filled with perfect geometric petals — were carved as spells, prayers and protection in days when evil was out to get you, and wouldn’t stop at the church door. These hexfoils, with their curving and interacting lines, were made to attract and entrap evil spirits. Nothing, it seems, can resist a path that twists and turns; only Romans want to go straight.

We wander from the church, along the lane, to a good viewpoint. Our eyes stretch out.  James plots the boundary between Essex and Suffolk, then peoples the landscape — those are the woods where Deakin walked with Nash, and I wander off with them, only returning when the word ‘cello’ reaches me through the trees. James is pointing out a chapel on a hill where a cello once created magic by candlelight.

Back to the cars, talking still, but a quieter company now — replete after a day when time was taken to witness.

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by Steve Waters and Tangled Feet

Copyright Thomas Young

Reviewed by Andrew Burton

Walking boots are not the first thing I usually reach for when I’m going to see a piece of theatre but Murmurations is no ordinary piece of theatre.  I saw it on the afternoon of Saturday 25 September 2021 at Strumpshaw Fen, an unassuming jewel of a nature reserve run by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, nestling in the Yare Valley, a few miles to the east of Norwich.  

            Despite dire weather forecasts earlier in the week, by the time I arrived the sun was out, lending a coppery early autumn glow to the surroundings.  And Strumpshaw was thrumming with life; from the bearded tits that provided impromptu pre-show entertainment near the entrance, to the lucious blackberries dangling in the hedgerows.

            Murmurations, by Steve Waters and Tangled Feet, is a unique site-specific production created in response to two different nature reserves in the East of England; as well as Strumpshaw, the show also has roots in Cambridgeshire’s Wicken Fen, where the show had been performed the previous week.  Part of a project jointly funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council and the University of East Anglia, it is the latest piece of environmental theatre work by Waters who – since his seminal diptych of plays The Contingency Plan at London’s Bush Theatre in 2009 – has remained at the forefront of artistic practice and reflection on climate change.  

            Around twenty audience members and I were given headphones and invited to follow our guide Chloë (played with CBeebies chutzpah and genuine warmth by Chanice Hird) as we set off on our guided tour of the reserve.  Along the way, our walk was interrupted by a series of individuals and couples whose exchanges (and sometimes even inner thoughts) we could hear.  Grieving daughter Shola (brought to life convincingly by Emily Eversden) was deliberating where to scatter her mothers’ ashes; joggers Marco (Mario Christofides) and Kieran (Carl Parkin) interrupted their testosterone-fuelled run to argue about a contentious housing development which would affect the Fen; birding couple Kel and Pete (Emily Eversden and Mario Christofides quickly doubling!) bickered about rare sightings; terminally ill Mags (played with poise and restrained passion by Fiona Watson) became an environmental activist; and even tour guide Chloë revealed how the reserve had brought solace at a difficult time in her life.  As we ambled deeper into the play’s thematic thickets, it became clear how intricately connected all these strands were.  The terminally ill environmental activist, Mags, turned out to be Shola’s late mother; Kieran turned out to be the son of a farmer and came to realise the importance of keeping the farming tradition going for another generation after his father’s death, despite the difficulties; Kel and Pete remembered how their original shared love of bird watching had brought them together and, on their anniversary, learned to bond rather than bicker.  Within this richly textured story, the characters revealed their deep and intricate connection with the Fen.  One of the most striking features of Waters’ writing is its ability to map the local distinctiveness of an area onto a wider ecology of human emotion.

 This remarkable promenade headphone theatre piece was also a feast for the senses.   It was impossible not to be affected by the magic of the natural surroundings as bees buzzed, butterflies fluttered by, the heavy damask perfume of hidden honeysuckle pervaded the air and now and again the low autumn sun burnished reddening haws and rose hips.  What made it even more engaging was the way sights and sounds from outside the frame of the drama were incorporated into the performance: a baby being carried by one of the audience members quickly became an unequivocal star of the show after tour guide Chloë engaged in ‘baby talk’ and the baby gleefully gurgled back.  At one point, one of the highland cattle stared at performers and audience, threatening to upstage the action and putting the old acting adage about never working with children or animals in a whole new light. The Fen itself became a character in the play, linked to the unfolding human drama by means of a beguiling and lyrical song spell seamlessly woven into the narrative, a device also used to wonderful choric effect in Waters’ BBC Radio 4 series Song of the Reed

            Guy Connelly’s nuanced sound design was beautifully complemented by Polly Wright’s hauntingly original music which added resonance and depth to the human dramas being played out before us.  Deft direction by Nathan Curry was matched by astute design by Blythe Brett.  While some of the costumes – for example, those worn by the birder couple – were highly detailed and felt authentic, others felt less convincing; I don’t believe that any self-respecting East Anglian farmer would wear Dunlop wellies such as you might buy from Millets (see Justin Partyka’s illuminating photo study The East Anglians in Granta’s The New Nature Writing for the real thing).

Minor costume quibbles aside, Murmurations is a richly textured, warm hearted, timely and urgent piece of theatre that highlights our deep interdependence with the natural world and encourages us all – young and old – to adopt ecology’s longstanding mantra to think globally but act locally.


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A Shadow Fell

They say it came from far away, from over the sea, brought by ships from beyond the shores of our world, from lands where only our most distant ancestors live. A shadow that fell upon these lands.


Thirty years ago or so, the first signs of the disease began to show, they say. Hymenoscyphus fraxineus, they named it: a fungus; microscopic, unseen, unheard yet whose spores can be blown on the breeze for hundreds of miles.

‘It first began to be known through the black patches that appeared on withered leaves, the dark, diamond shapes, girdles of death, around the twigs and the branches of the ash trees,’ they say.

            Dieback, some call the disease. Others call it Chalara.

            The names mean nothing.

            There is no cure, they say.

            Most will die, they say.

            Yet they do not say of the choking, they do not say of the strangling, the slow suffocation from within as xylem clogs and water will no longer flow.

            ‘Some of the trees seem to have genetic factors which offer resistance to the disease,’ their experts say. ‘Or rather a tolerance to the chemical that the fungus produces – Viridiol – that is so toxic to so many.’  

            ‘150 million mature ash trees will be lost in these isles in the next ten to twenty years,’ they say.

            ‘Now we know more about the disease,’ they say. ‘The areas worse affected are the densest environments where populations are greatest and the disease can spread most virulently. We know that those individuals most isolated, those spread out around the countryside fare better. We know, too, that the pathogen cannot survive above 35 degrees Celsius.’

            We know only the fear of death, the whispering murmurs in the soil that tell of suffering, of those that feel the disease within them, the cold touch within.


            There is hope they say.

            ‘Mother trees with tolerant seeds may be the way to see a possible future landscape where ash remains a common feature.’

            The Tolerant Ones.

            The Lucky Ones.

            That is what we are, they say.

            The Survivors.

            We were forged of disease-resistant genes, they say. We were not even born when the first spores arrived on these shores. We are those tolerant seeds spawned of the one per cent of mother trees who showed some form of resistance.

            We are the future, they say.

            Yet we are also those left behind. We are the ones that live on after the apocalypse, after so many millions in this archipelago have withered and blackened and died.


They do not say that death came because of them. They do not say that it was their doing that will kill millions. They do not say that the sickness arrived on these shores because they brought it here.

            They use our bodies as fuel for their fires, as frames for their homes. They know we make oxygen for them to breathe. Yet they do not see each of us as individual, living beings, each with the right to live, to share safe, clean air and the same land. Only when they start to see us as valued others, will the world begin to breathe more easily.


So now we live with the memories of those millions who died still lingering in the soils that surround us, the brush of their touch in the earth still tangible.

            We are the new breed, they say.

            We reach higher each season and peer further over the horizon and dream of when the new breed of them will come.

            They who see not with narcissistic vision.

            They who feel for the other living beings in this world.

            They who know us as valued others.

            For until then, the fear remains that another shadow will fall which will turn all to darkness.


A piece commissioned by the folk band Fishclaw.


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Two’s Company by Lana Clark

Lana is a recent Wild Writing MA graduate from the University of Essex, currently freelancing as a writer and prepping for her PhD.

There’s a tree I see every day, and only recently have I figured out that it’s an oak. I don’t know why it took me so long to acknowledge this as a fact. It occupies the space directly in front of my bedroom window, filling it almost completely. Now, in this stark close of winter, it is a dark figure against an otherwise bleak canvas.

Each morning, I wake up to it filling the frame of my window, its branches weaving in and out amongst one another like cracks. Its joints like gnarled knuckles, the skin rough and frayed. Often, I stand with my morning coffee clasped between palms just watching this tree, almost as though I expect it to get up and move in some way or another. Of course, it doesn’t, but I never tire of seeking out new details of my oak. One of the first things that struck me was how the trunk felt less singular and more of a plural. I have counted four pillars that conjoin together to make this oak, as though they once stood in a circle and joined hands, deciding that this was where they were meant to be, together. Around the base of the tree, the earth has built up into a mound where the roots wave and relax, never quite break the surface. Between two of these pillars is a small hollow, like an eye socket just large enough to place yourself inside of. It is too high for me to reach alone, but that has not stopped me reaching up and inside with fingers extended, reaching just far enough to feel the soft touch of moss and the prick of twigs that signifies the possibility of a nest of some sort. I have stood at all angles in my window, trying to peer inside, but to no avail. I have never seen a bird leave or enter this hollow. In fact, I cannot think of an occasion where I have ever noted a bird sitting on any part of it, not a single branch. It sits in utter loneliness, without another tree on the street to give it any company, without a flower underneath it to offer any colour. It stands alone, on a thick strip of worn grass between road and pavement, this tree outside my bedroom window.

Despite being a sad spectre in winter, in summer it shines. The leaves blossom into a spritely green that fills the glass of my window with such life. They transform into breathing stained glass, painting the off-white walls of my rooms with a green hue that shifts in short cycles with the day. I have begun to write about my oak tree. Just a few words here and there when they strike me. Words to plant in the ground that will grow into something more important in the future, maybe. I have seen that the tree grows, restores, rebuilds itself just as a person does throughout the year. I have seen that the oak hoards its shiny acorns in its boughs, keeping the possibility of itself close. I have seen the leaves lift in the breeze and be beaten down in a storm and fall as the seasons shift and change over and over as they so often do. And I have seen them grow back just as bright.

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Brown Suffocated

In his short story, Denzel Sarkodie-Addo depicts how ‘just like black people have historically been disenfranchised and made to feel like we have lost a lot of our power amongst our own communities; so have the trees, which allows them to build a bond.

This short story is the second of three, chronicling a fantasised relationship between black people and trees. The collection transcends different time periods throughout history, magnifying events that were/are issues for black people.

Of course they had torches lit with fires, and their hands clung to his tattered clothes and parts of his flesh, as they dragged him across the field in my direction. The man they were dragging? His skin was brown like mine. But human skin is so soft, and his had bruises and cuts all over it. Tears ran down his swollen cheeks, down to the snot and the blood around his mouth, as his body continued to leave a dark trail through the grass. He had curly black hair, with leaves and turf in it, unlike my green bushy head of hair. Either they had taken him with no shoes, or they had come off while he was being dragged, either way, he wore nothing on his feet except blood stains. The jeering crowd’s faces were menacingly glowing with orange light from the fire, as spit formulated from their mouths and their eyes widened with joy. I’d never seen this particular group of people before, but over the last 20 years I had come to know this face very well. The face of anger, and frustration. A face of vindication, and power. And there was no doubt in my mind why they coming my way. The boy was going to be lynched on me. He wouldn’t be the first, and wouldn’t be the last.

They lifted him up and threw him against me.

‘Y-y-you want me to beg or somm hmm?’ His lips quivered as he lowered and raised his head. His eyes glazed in the fire. ‘My boy’s gon know his daddy, feared nothin in this lifetime. He gon-‘

One of crowd members booted the man across the face making him drop, and blood from his mouth touched the grass by my roots. This made the crowd jeer again, and wave their torches. The man that had kicked him stepped forward, and lifted him up to his knees. ‘Your boy ain’t gon know nuttin bout you, boy. We gon’ shovel a nice spot for you, boy! You gon tellem bout fear from the grave?’ He tightened his grip on his shirt collars, as he said this. ‘Lot of your people believe in spirits and incantations, so if you do manage it, tell your boy to fear two things. The white man, and God.’ He spat on the black man, and threw him back to the ground as two other men emerged from the crowd with a long rope in their hands.

Now, I had seen folks do so many things with rope. I’d seen men pull their vehicles with ropes up the street when they’d needed towing or they had run out of gas. I’d seen the land owners bring in their horses with ropes on the fields. I’d even had dad’s attach tire swings on me for their kids on some of my thicker branches. But a noose was the most peculiar way I ever did see humans use a piece of rope for. They threw the free side of the rope over one of my branches, and let it hang until one of the two men went onto that side to grab it. They put the loose noose around the man’s neck, then tightened it a little bit so that it would be tucked just underneath his chin. It sickened me to know that I knew this routine so well, but as I said before, he hadn’t been the first, and he wouldn’t be the last. Again the crowd jeered, and shuffled with anticipation, as the men hammered a small key shaped piece of metal into my roots.

The man was on his knees, as he blubbered a prayer through his engorged bloody lips. They always did this, and I always found it remarkable. We both knew that this had happened so many times, to so many other people, but they always still prayed. Prayed for what, exactly? Forgiveness? Divine intervention? Their lives spared? I could never tell.  But if I had lips, I would pray with them. Because if it was forgiveness they were praying for, I would pray for it too for the crimes we trees had committed. I could feel the vibrations in my roots from the other trees in the field whenever a lynching happened. None of us wanted to be a part of this, but we had no choice but to aid this evil. But regardless, we too needed forgiveness. If it was for divine intervention, we would pray for the power of the trees to be restored. Long gone were the days of Doggerland, in which we had the power of instant movements. Now it takes us decades just to stretch or rotate, but we still have the ability to live for centuries. And this is what we would pray for if we could. For that to stop. If whoever these humans prayed to could hear our vibrations as well, we would pray for our long life spans to end. We wanted the skies to stop crying, and the ground across the whole field to become barren, so we had no water to drink. We wanted the sun to disappear, the world to be consumed in darkness so that we had to energy to survive. Because we knew that death was better that living through bondage. However, either our vibrations meant nothing, or they fell to deaf ears, because we were never given our prayers…

The two men tightened their grip on the rope and pulled, as the man’s body began to rise closer to my branch. As the rope tightened around his neck, the burning of the rope against my branch increased too. The man kicked and flailed out his legs, as my branches quivered, and the jeering of the crowd had subsided into a low roar. The man tried to pry his neck free from the ropes but it was pointless. I tried to will by branches into falling off but it was useless. They continued to yank the rope, until they tied the end of it around the key shaped piece of metal in the ground. The man’s body stopped rising. His legs stopped flailing. His arms stopped prying. And nothing, came from his mouth.

And as his body swung in front of my face, the same question that I always wondered, consumed me all over again.

What was his name?

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